What to do if back pain in the lumbar region

"Sciatica", "grabbed back", "painful shot", "sciatica", "pull the foot", "degenerative disk disease" - diseases and uncomfortable symptoms faced by women and men of different ages. After physical exertion, exposure to cold, carry heavy bags when you work in an uncomfortable position, people frequently complain that back pain in the lumbar region.

back pain in the lumbar region

The likely reasons

Pain in the lower part of the back, shot in the lower back, neurological damage arise under the influence of external and internal negative factors. More patient, that suffers from the painful symptoms of more advanced disease. Waiver of annual medical examinations, especially after the age of 40, increases the risk for development of late stages of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and other parts of the body.

There are two groups of causes for pain in the back, in the lumbar region:

  • vertebrogenic - pain in the lower back develops in the background of diseases of the spine;
  • invertebrates - pain occurs as a result of defeat of organs of the urogenital system, intestine, cancer. Also, the discomfort often occurs in pregnant women with excessive load on the lower back.

Vertebrogenic pain and neurological, associated with various diseases of the spine and the back muscles:

  • osteoporosis;
  • lumbar degenerative disk disease;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • degenerative sacroiliitis;
  • protrusion of the intervertebral discs;
  • sciatica;
  • radiculopathy;
  • scoliosis;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • intercostal neuralgia;
  • pinch the nerve roots in the spine;
  • ankylosing spondylarthrosis;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • lumbago;
  • myositis;
  • sciatica.

Also pain in the back and the cross appears in the following cases:

  • damage;
  • congenital malformations of the structure of the spine;
  • the sudden increase in weight;
  • menstruation, childbirth, pregnancy;
  • conduct of epidural anesthesia;
  • lifting weights.

Pain reflects the character of background diseases of other organs:

  • hemorrhoids;
  • ureaplasmosis, chlamydia;
  • complications of the flu, colds, sore throats;
  • persistent constipation, colitis;
  • the injuries to the gallbladder and liver;
  • tumors of the digestive system;
  • gynecological diseases;
  • kidney disease;
  • polyps and neoplastic process of the uterus, the ovaries.

It is important to know the factors that cause pain in the lower back:

  • sedentary work;
  • hypothermia;
  • low motor activity;
  • the sudden transition to heavy loads;
  • some sports: weightlifting, bodybuilding;
  • obesity;
  • frequent stress;
  • hypothermia;
  • scoliosis is 2-4 degrees;
  • improper diet;
  • heavy physical labour.

Symptoms

Symptomatology

Pain in the lumbar area is different:

  • pulling;
  • sharp;
  • sharp;
  • pain;
  • regularly;
  • permanent;
  • weakly expressed;
  • painful;
  • paroxysmal;
  • throbbing.

Often added cerebral complications, neurological disorders in the stenosis, a jamming of nerves and blood vessels:

  • numbness, cold of the lower limbs and toes;
  • "creeps under your skin"
  • reduced sensitivity of the affected area;
  • painful clips, including pain in the legs, groin area, buttocks, in the context of the sciatic nerve;
  • the pale skin on the feet;
  • limitation of the lumbar;
  • intermittent claudication;
  • cramps;
  • paresis;
  • paralysis of the lower extremities.

Effective treatment options

In the first phase, access to the doctor: the wrong diagnosis of a person without medical training, the use of unproven methods often harmful, lubricates picture of the disease, triggers the transition of acute forms to chronic. The result of the self-pitiable: on the background of reduction of pain, masking the symptoms, doctors find out in which stage of the running disease of the spine, the treatment is long, costly, not always successfully. In the case of active degradation, the progression of the degenerative process, the patient often receives a disability group.

Finish! With the onset of the syndrome of pain in the lumbar spine see a specialist: neurologist, traumatologist-orthopedist, vertebrologist. If you suspect that the development of the diseases of the organs of the pelvic area or the kidneys to see, urologist, nephrologist, gynecologist, or proctologist.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapeutic procedures

Effective methods:

  • electrophoresis with Lidaza, Hydrocortisone, Euphyllinum;
  • sludge;
  • ozocerite and paraffin baths;
  • pearl and turpentine baths;
  • amplipulse therapy;
  • electrical stimulation of the muscles.

Physiotherapy

Special exercises, takes away a podiatrist or vertebrologist. A complex of therapeutic exercises can be carried out by reducing the force of the inflammatory process, reducing pain in the lower back.

Regular exercises improve blood circulation and nutrition of the elements of the spine, strengthen the muscles, to prevent stagnation. On diseases of the spine, it is important to have a good muscular corset, to reduce the load on the bone tissue.

Complex physical therapy first need to be conducted under the supervision of a physical therapist, after learning the exercises the patient practices at home. Good effect gives the use of special exercise machines for the back. Jumping, sharp turns, leg swings, Jogging, high weight training is prohibited. In addition to gymnastics courses can use the pool, going for long walks (be sure to relax the accumulation of fatigue).

Massage

An important element for the treatment of many diseases in the lumbar area, a discomfort in the back and the spine. The movement of a different nature warm up the muscles, relieve cramps, promote blood circulation, have a positive impact on the General state of health and mood of the patient.

For a noticeable therapeutic effect of the massage must be carried out by an expert. Improper lumbar and other back areas can accelerate the progression of the disease. Massage course, begins only with the permission of the vertebrologist or Traumatologist-orthopedist: when an active inflammatory process, trauma, displacement of the vertebrae, that it is impossible to put pressure on the problematic area, accelerate blood circulation in the lesion.

Other forms of treatment

For impact on the problem area in the lower back using a variety of procedures and devices. All measures must be approved by the traumatologist-the orthopedist and vertebrologist. If back pain causes pathology in other parts of the body, you should consult with a urologist, proctologist, gynecologist.

In collaboration with an expert are:

  • acupuncture;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • apitherapy;
  • manual therapy.

A positive assessment of vertebrologists received the original fixture:

  • multi-needle applicator Lyapko;
  • Kuznetsov applicator;
  • the device Almag - 01 (magnetic impulses flowing currents);
  • warming belt back pain, back neoprene and wool;
  • support corset for the lumbar spine.

Folk remedies and recipes

Folk remedies and recipes

Phytotherapeutists offer dozens of recipes, to reduce inflammation, eliminate the pain in the lower back. Home remedies are used as additional therapy only in consultation with vertebrologist or podiatrist. Phytomedication taken orally, applied to the problem area in the form of ointments, compresses, body wraps.

In acute inflammation of the warming compounds may not be used: a pathological process is active infection (in the presence of pathogens in the tissues) spreading rapidly throughout the body.

Effective folk remedies:

  • compress at the back, the fresh or cooked leaves of the burdock;
  • warming the ointment based on petroleum jelly with camphor, fir, rosemary, lavender, orange, or eucalyptus oil;
  • the combination of mustard plaster with honey;
  • a compression of vegetable oil and garlic;
  • an infusion of chamomile, thyme and st. john's wort;
  • hot compress of mustard powder;
  • grease with melted butter (pork fat) and medicinal herbs: plantain, pine buds, anise, chamomile, burdock root, sage leaves and birch;
  • infusions, decoctions for oral use, which is based on herbs, flowers, fruits and roots. Useful plants: mint, violet, chamomile, st. john's wort, knotweed, calendula, burdock root. The activation of metabolism, reduce inflammation, restore the body with the beneficial ingredients of the poplar buds, roots, wheat grass, Valerian, immortelle, dandelion, highlander movie snake, white willow bark.

Lower back pain is a signal about the problems in the spine or other organs in the lower back. You must visit a doctor to undergo tests to determine the cause of discomfort and a diagnosis, get treatment.

07.08.2018