Cervical osteochondrosis, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

neck pain

In the modern world, the resonance of cervical osteochondrosis is difficult to overestimate. Cervical spine osteochondrosis is much more common than other vertebral spines. Almost every person over the age of twenty-five has one or the same degree of illness.

Cervical osteochondrosis is mainly due to a sedentary lifestyle, which is particularly facilitated by a person’s historical transition from physical work to mental work, which, albeit moderately, involves work in a sedentary position.

Cervical spine osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the cervical spine that leads to damage to the intervertebral discs, which is common in osteochondrosis. Because this part of the spine is quite mobile by nature, but at the same time vulnerable to poorly developed ligaments, any negative effects on the neck or back have a detrimental effect primarily on the neck region. Due to the fact that degenerative changes most commonly occur in the most mobile vertebral regions, C5. . . C7-level nerve endings most commonly suffer in the cervical region.

Because the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are highly controversial, they are not always seen as mere symptoms of the disease, often leading to the need to seek help from professionals in other fields of medicine. Let’s examine them in more detail.

Cervical osteochondrosis and symptoms

Due to the fact that the cervical spine is quite compact, even a slight tension in the muscles of the neck or displacement of the vertebrae in the cervical spine can cause compression or compression of the nerve roots, which can also affect the blood vessels in the ward. Well, and osteophytes - bone growth, in folk treatment called "salt deposition", and under the conditions of the development of cervical osteochondrosis disease as a consequence only deteriorates significantly during the course of the disease.

The clinical manifestations, or symptoms, of osteochondrosis of the neck can be divided into reflex symptoms and radical symptoms of osteochondrosis of the neck.

Reflex symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

symptoms of osteochondrosis reflex

Reflex symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervix include the so-called "lumbago, " which manifests itself in the form of sharp, sharp pains in the neck and noticeably worsens with any movement. In light of this, patients often assume a forced, most comfortable head position. In addition, it is entirely possible that the typical “crackle” occurs when turning or other head movements.

When suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, patients often experience a narrowing headache that radiates to the eyeball or temporal part of the head. In addition, sometimes the sharpness of visual perception can decrease at once, as if “everything is floating in front of the eye”.

Spinal cord artery syndrome can also develop when a nerve plexus is irritated, which is often misdiagnosed due to dizziness in the patient with a violation of blood flow to the brain. Such a symptom of osteochondrosis of the neck can manifest itself in sudden movements of the head and can be complicated by nausea and possible vomiting.

In addition to the above, reflex symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis include cardiological syndrome, in which feelings similar to those of an attack of angina pectoris occur. But such a manifestation of the symptoms of osteochondrosis is usually combined with a complex of other signs of the disease, so it usually does not cause difficulties in making a correct diagnosis.

Radical symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Radical symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are usually caused by compression of the nerve ending in the spinal cord, the root. In this case, the sensory disturbances affecting motor functions depend entirely on which nerve root is damaged, namely:

  • C1 - decreased sensitivity in the occiput;
  • C2 - pain in the parietal or occipital region of the head;
  • C3 - appearance of impaired sensitivity and pain in the cervical region where the spinal cord is damaged, with quite possible impairment of speech function due to loss of sensitivity and control of the tongue;
  • C4 - pain and decreased sensitivity in the dorsal-shoulder-dorsal region, as well as pain in the heart and liver region, together with a decrease in neck muscle tone and possible respiratory dysfunction;
  • C5 - decreased sensitivity and pain on the outer surface of the shoulder;
  • C6 - pain radiating from the cervical spine to the shoulder blade, the outer shoulder surface, the forearm, and further from the wrist to the thumb;
  • C7 - same pain as in C6, but from the shoulder blade to the back humoral surface and then from the forearm to the hand 2. . . . 4. radiates to the finger, with a decrease in sensitivity in the area of ​​pain;
  • C8 - decreased sensitivity and pain from neck to shoulder and then from forearm to little finger.

Cervical osteochondrosis and its treatment

treatment of osteochondrosis

Cervical osteochondrosis is a rather complex and extremely unpleasant disease that needs to be treated systematically, long-term, and gradually. Therapeutic treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is primarily aimed at completely arresting the pain symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis and eliminating inflammation in the cervical region affected by the disease.

Patients with cervical osteochondrosis are treated with classic analgesics. Although nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have also been very popular in recent years in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, they are effective in relieving pain and reducing inflammatory activity.

In the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervix, chondroprotectors are used, among other things, which slow down the process of cartilage tissue destruction and, according to many experts, also contribute to the process of their regeneration. In addition, patients are prescribed the use of B vitamins, which improve metabolic processes in the patient’s body.

But the use of external gels or ointments to treat osteochondrosis of the cervix is ​​not effective, but it makes sense because additional massage of the cervical spine is also performed while rubbing into the skin.

Physiotherapy procedures are also combined with traditional drugs for the treatment of osteochondrosis of the neck, and in particular the use of magnetotherapy with special medical devices is particularly effective. In addition to the above, they also use additional therapeutic massage, physiotherapy exercises, and manual therapy. But in particularly severe cases of the disease, operative surgery may also be required.

Prevention of cervical osteochondrosis disease

Preventing cervical osteochondrosis itself is not difficult. Recommended for:

  • leading an active and healthy lifestyle,
  • sports or at least morning exercises
  • competent organization of the workplace,
  • adherence to the work and rest system,
  • If you work in a sitting position for a long time - during working hours, warm up several times and ensure proper posture and posture while working.

Choosing a comfortable pillow and mattress is also important for sleep. But for those who already suffer from this disease, daily use of special orthopedic products is highly recommended for a comfortable sleep.