What is cervical osteochondrosis, how dangerous is it and how to treat it?

causes of osteochondrosis of the cervix

Have you ever experienced cervical pain, dizziness, nausea or shortness of breath? All of these are signs of cervical osteochondrosis.

Osteochondrosis, a common problem, worries more and more people every year. Can cervical osteochondrosis be cured? Let us first look at the factors of occurrence and the signs of occurrence.

Stages of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae is a disease whose effects weaken the discs between the vertebrae, leading to changes in the texture of the plates themselves, the vertebrae, and the neck joints. In the first stage, the symptoms are almost invisible as the changes in the cartilage vertebrae have just begun. The following symptoms may occur:

  • Headache.
  • Uncomfortable feelings in the neck, arms, shoulders.
  • Slight restriction of neck motor activity.
  • Short-term visual impairment.
  • Reduces the sensitive collar zone.

In the second stage, a small spinal hernia may occur and the intervertebral fissures may narrow. Due to the compression of the nerve trunks, pain syndrome can be felt during the execution of the movements.

Manifestations of the disease:

  • Your neck hurts and you can turn when turning.
  • Loss of skin sensation in arms and shoulders.
  • Vision decreases.
  • I hear a ring in my ear.
  • Face and neck numb;
  • Upper limbs weaken.
  • Shooting pain radiating to the shoulder blade.
  • Insomnia, sleep problems.

The third stage is difficult to manage. A hernia develops, the spine deforms, there are changes in position, the movement of the vertebrae:

  • Severe pain in the neck, heart muscle, collar area.
  • The skin of the head, shoulders, arms disappears.
  • Upper limbs are paralyzed.
  • Tendon reflexes are no longer visible.
  • The hernia of the cervical vertebrae begins.

The fourth to final stage during which symptoms worsen.

Causes

Factors influencing the development and progression of cervical osteochondrosis:

  • Heavy weight.
  • Sedentary work, immobility.
  • Previous spinal injuries.
  • Mental disorders, nervous strain, stress.
  • Poor physical fitness.
  • Curvature of the spine, scoliosis, incorrect posture.
  • Incorrect postures that have become a habit.
  • Tightening the neck and back with work.
  • Hereditary predisposition.
  • Unusual physical stress, increased activity for the body.
  • Violation of the rules of healthy eating.

Due to the effect of the above mentioned factors, the neck spine increases the stress that the neck muscles try to balance. Muscle cramps start, the blood circulation in the body is disturbed. Anatomical lesions appear.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of cervical spine osteochondrosis are different from those seen in other parts of the spine. The tight location of the cervical vertebrae leads to compression of the nerve roots and spinal cord.

I'm experiencing the following symptoms:

  • Localization of pain: in the neck, back of the head, shoulders, arms and legs. During the connection of the nerve roots to the process, discomfort is felt in the shoulders, in the back of the head, and the restructuring of the upper limb begins. A spasm of the neck muscles in the back of the head leads to impaired blood flow.
  • Weakness of the arms caused by root dysfunction, which also includes motor nerves that rebuild the muscles of the arm.
  • Hands are restructured, hand sensitivity decreased, root damage, including sensory nerves.
  • During head movements, you feel pain and a crisp sound. It is caused by the defeat of the small joints in the neck, the decrease in the level of the intervertebral disc.
  • Lack of strength, fatigue, dizziness, lack of coordination. Due to the movement of the vertebrae, the artery of the spine is compressed. It leads to deterioration of blood flow, weakens the blood supply to the occipital lobe, the cerebellum.
  • A complication of vision, the tongue loses its sensitivity.

In women, the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are similar to those in men. At the age of 46-60, the prettier does not become a stone, his hands tingling during sleep.

Why is osteochondrosis dangerous?

symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

The disease damages the whole body.

The cervical region contains a significant number of arteries, nerve endings, and blood vessels that feed the brain. Squeezed close, they are compressed due to the slightest pathology, which leads to deterioration of blood circulation in the brain, leads to migraines, disturbs the heart rhythm, and difficulty breathing, vision, coordination, and attention begin.

Pathologies causing osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:

  • Brain disease;
  • Vertebral artery syndrome;
  • Spinal stroke.

Death is the worst consequence of compressing the spinal cord.

When all the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis have been considered and the factors for their development have been identified, the treatment used in this case is taken into account.

Management

Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in women is no different from treatment in men.

Management steps:

  1. Pain relief.
  2. Remove the edema.
  3. Normalization of blood circulation.
  4. Strengthening the muscles of the back, abdomen, chest.
  5. Improved nutrition and tissue repair.

Get medical attention at any stage or symptom. Specialists choosing complex treatment: surgeon, neurologist, physiotherapist, massage therapist. Medication therapy, physiotherapy, massage of the collar area are used, therapeutic practices are recommended because it is effective in osteochondrosis.

Preparations

Medications used for treatment:

  • Medications to relieve muscle cramps.
  • Vitamins that improve metabolism in the nervous system.
  • NSAID medications that reduce pain, relieve inflammation and swelling.
  • Joint preparation, cartilage tissue repair, lesions in intervertebral discs.
  • Drugs that improve the nutrition of damaged nerve cells regulate blood flow to the brain.

First aid in case of aggravation

There are times when the pain becomes unbearable and the visit to the doctor should be postponed. We recommend that you drink painkillers. Pepper plaster can also be used to relieve pain, but it’s worth noting that you can’t hope for a long-term effect. The plaster warms the inflamed area and temporarily relieves pain. It is recommended to use herbal infusions for 3-4 days to relieve swelling. Can cervical osteochondrosis be cured by these methods? No, the above methods are short term, a doctor should be consulted for complete recovery.

Physiotherapy

  • Electrophoresis- the ions of the anesthetic drug penetrate the sore area under the influence of an electric current. It is often done with painkillers.
  • Laser Therapy- has anti-inflammatory properties, guarantees better blood circulation through light emission.
  • Magnetic therapy- relieves tissue swelling and has an analgesic effect.
  • Ultrasound- improves metabolic processes, pain relief, relieves inflammation of damaged areas.

Physiotherapy

There are some simple exercises you should know about physiotherapy. Regular training brings the expected results very quickly.

Attention!You should not feel any pain or discomfort when performing the complex.

  • Lie on your stomach, rest your hands. Keep your back straight while lifting your head and body. Hold the position for about 2 minutes, then remove the starting position. Continue the exercise 2-3 times.
  • Take a supine position on the floor, stretching your arms along your body, trying to touch your ear to the floor, turning your head to the left. Perform 6-7 repetitions.
  • While sitting on the floor, inhale, lean forward, trying to touch your chest with your head. After exhaling, tilt back, throw your head back. Perform 10-15 repetitions.
  • Press down on your forehead to lower your palm while sitting on the floor. Perform 2-3 repetitions for about 30 seconds.
  • Head rotation. Perform smoothly, slowly, so that your head begins to rotate. If dizziness occurs, stop exercising. Make 10 rotations in each direction.

Home treatment

This method of treatment should only be used in conjunction with a complex prescribed by your doctor. In such variants the following are used: traditional medicine, therapeutic practices, massage.

Recipes for relieving malaise at home:

  • A horseradish base attached to the neck and tied with a bandage or cloth helps. It is recommended to pour over boiling water and then cool to room temperature. It is better to leave the bandage overnight.
  • Cut potatoes, mix with honey (one by one). Use once a week as a compress.
  • Warming up helps relieve pain. You can use mustard plaster, sandbag, pepper plaster, etc.

We advise you not to seek help from the forums, you should rely on the diagnosis of the doctors.

Massage

self-massage for cervical osteochondrosis

Therapeutic massage can be performed at home, it contains the elements of classical massage. It starts with a healthy part of the body, moving smoothly to a sore spot. The complex is selected based on the individual characteristics of the patient, the stage of the disease. To perform the massage, the patient must be placed on a horizontal position on the floor, lowering his forehead to his hands, and pulling his chin toward his chest. Relax your neck muscles.

Treating massage techniques:

  1. Start the massage with movements starting from the collar zone.
  2. Push-ups, for execution the masseur puts his hands around his neck and moves along the spine. Alternatively, this technique can be performed towards the shoulder.
  3. To warm the neck muscles, rubbing is done while the body relaxes, the bleeding improves. Moving from the skull, the movements are directed, the movements are oriented along the spine.
  4. Knit the neck in a circular motion.
  5. Finish by shaking, beating and shaking.

Prevention

The following rules must be followed to prevent the disease:

  • Exercise (swimming is most effective).
  • Increase your intake of foods that contain calcium and magnesium.
  • Warm up several times a day, especially if you have a sedentary job.
  • Choose the right pillow (keep it low) and mattress (keep it soft). While sleeping, pay attention to the position of the neck: the angle of the neck should be at least 15 degrees.
  • Take a hot shower for at least 10 minutes a day.
  • For those who don’t like sports, experts advise you to practice yoga regularly.
  • It's better to give up the gym. Bodybuilding can worsen your health.

Osteochondrosis and pregnancy

How to treat osteochondrosis while carrying a child? Of course, you have to limit yourself to using drugs. Ointments with natural composition and folk methods help.Remember!During pregnancy, all possible effects on the neck area (such as warming up) are prohibited.

Does osteochondrosis occur in young people? No matter how convincing adults are that it is too early for adolescents to acquire such diseases, they are increasingly being monitored. It can be caused by a congenital or acquired porch defect.

Do not warm the neck during the aggravation of the disease, as this may lead to an increase in swelling.

This article examined not only the basic concepts but also effective methods of treating cervical osteochondrosis. They help you cope with painful feelings, feel good and confident wherever you are.

03.09.2020