Osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis – a disease of the spine, where the intervertebral discs (and later the bodies of the vertebrae, joints and ligaments) lose their ability of normal functioning.

The cause of the degenerative disc disease, which is currently considered to be the combination of factors that act on the spine in a person's life. A further risk for the development of degenerative disc disease create injury to the spinal column and also posture. Some patients note the relationship of the onset of the disease, and hypothermia.

It's a good idea to consider

  • cervical osteochondrosis,
  • osteochondrosis of the thoracic and
  • of the lumbar spine.

In addition to this, the widespread osteochondrosis, is characterized by lesions in several parts of the spinal column.

Most frequently the cervical, and the dorsal shape, because these regions of the spine are subjected to the highest loads.

The symptoms of a degenerative disease of the disk

Osteochondrosis, patients describe symptoms such as the following:

  • paroxysmal or shooting pain in the affected with osteochondrosis of the spinal column;
  • increased pain after exercise, as well as in the morning;
  • the pain may spread to the neck, arms, or legs and to the chest;
  • feeling the crunch, when you perform crunches.

The degenerative disc disease is also characterized by neurological symptoms on the affected side:

  • partial disturbances of movement (paresis);
  • the discomfort is in the form of a tingling sensation, a tingling sensation (paresthesia);
  • determined by palpation of the muscle, it is appropriate to the impact of the Department.

The disease starts and develops gradually, not suddenly.

Should be distinguished from osteochondrosis of the coronary heart disease (a disease, pain that is not associated with physical activity, but due to the side effects: cough, prolonged sitting).

The treatment of

The same symptoms can be signs of a variety of disorders and diseases may be encountered, not a textbook. Don't try to be a present for yourself — you should consult with your health care provider.

The treatment of degenerative disc disease, which invariably requires a comprehensive approach. When the treatment is necessary, the attention of physicians as an internist, a rheumatologist, a neurologist and a physical therapist. The treatment of osteochondrosis depends on the location, prevailing symptoms, and the severity of the disease.

Conservative treatment the goal is to eliminate the painful symptoms and restore the normal functioning of the spinal column.

A well-balanced diet in osteochondrosis significantly easier for the patient and contribute to more effective treatment. Read on to learn more about the diet of osteochondrosis in our separate article.

The surgical treatment is targeted to the approximately 10% of patients. An absolute indication for surgery in degenerative disc disease is the onset of neurological dysfunction due to a pinching of the spinal cord itself.

Additional indicators for the surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease is considered to be the following:

  • long periodic episodes of pain;
  • the increased mobility, and a suspicion of the instability of the spinal column;
  • the inefficiency of drug therapy for 3 months;
  • to express a disorder, that prevents the patient to live a full life.

The method of surgical treatment of

The surgical procedure with minimal trauma:

  • In the intervertebral disc after the puncturevine produces an enzyme preparation with a view, a scarring of the nucleus and the fibrous ring of the disc.
  • The needle nucleotomy – puncturing the intervertebral disc to remove the poison.
  • For De acceptance of the disc in the intervertebral disc are injected a drug to block the sensitivity of the nerve endings.

The second method of surgical treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is less forgiving. These include the following:

  • The complete or partial removal of the intervertebral disc or hernia – this procedure is designed to reduce the symptoms of compression.
  • Prosthetic intervertebral discs – the main objective of the immobilization of the affected vertebral segments.

Operative treatment of osteochondrosis to give a forecast for full recovery in only 50% of the cases.

With timely treatment, the prognosis is nearly always favorable, but the prognosis for a person it can vary due to a number of factors.

Exercises with osteochondrosis

Exercise 1.
A tilt of the head forward while pushing on the forehead of the woven fingers. You press your fingers to the nape of the neck and the temples - left, right, right. A head opposed to the pressure of the arms, hands, and head pressure. Survive for 10 seconds at a time. every time you move.

Exercise 2.
Put the tips of four fingers over the forehead of each to the other, then gently push the skin of the whole surface of the palm of the hand and a soft touch grip, the movement of a section of the 10-40 sec. The same stretches we can do at the temple, in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The equal - to-the-ear - stretching in all directions, especially the earlobe. Thus, it improves the blood circulation in the areas, which are rich in biologically active points.

Exercise 3.
This type of massage is improving the circulation of blood in the jugular veins, it improves the nutrition of the brain. Sit up straight in a straight back. Slowly pull your head back, you helped with your hand, push the chin back and up. You slowly turn your head slightly to the left and to the right. Stay in this pose for about a minute. Children need to be 10 sec.

Exercise 4.
This exercise improves the function of the cervical nerve plexus. Sit up straight in a straight back. Slowly tilt your head forward, trying to touch your chin to your chest. Place the five fingers of the head, then slide forward and up, lifting his head. There it sits for about a minute. After 15 minutes you can repeat.

Exercise 5.
Lift your shoulders up, trying to reach the ears of the lower, freer, faster for 15 seconds at a time. Now, turn one side up, the other down, there is 15 seconds at a time. RUB the neck from the spine with the hands.

29.06.2020