Causes of back pain and ways to fix the problem

If your child has back pain, parents should immediately consult with a doctor to determine the cause of the pain and prescribe a treatment. The pain can be a signal about how a small injury and the beginning of the development of hazardous violations.

back pain in a child

Why kids get the discomfort

A lot of factors that can cause discomfort and pain in the back. The cause can be muscle cramps, fracture, tension, or disease of the musculoskeletal apparatus. Each of these factors is accompanied by a number of symptoms.


Unpleasant and wrong posture of the child when watching TV, playing on the computer, or sitting at the Table leads to a curvature of the spine, scoliosis, or. The first signs of pathology are:

  • symptoms, pain in the chest or the shoulders;
  • fatigue;
  • weakness.

In time, children appear:

  • stoop;
  • asymmetry of the spine and shoulder blades.

Scoliosis is also accompanied by the following signs:

  • inclined on the side of the head;
  • reduce the triangle in the band;
  • different shoulder height;
  • the shortening of the leg;
  • the formation of the club.

Due to the curvature of the spine in children and adolescents often is a violation of the work of many internal organs, including the lungs and heart. This means that it is difficult to breath. It also occurs in the circulatory system.

Older to treat scoliosis much more difficult, so parents should be accompanied by, or held your child from an early age. It is recommended to teach the younger member of the family not at home simply gymnastic exercises. Can't hurt, and regular gentle massage.

Scoliosis is more common in girls aged 10-14 years, in the period of active puberty.

a back injury in a child


The cause of back pain in children can be:

  • mechanical damage;
  • damage;
  • a sprain or muscle.

Such problems are often experienced by children in the sport of the load. The probability of injury is high and in the process of moving the game, when the child is careless while driving on the Bike or falling off a swing.

The clinical picture depends on the degree of damage caused. Cure the violation within the home, it is absolutely impossible, if the child:

  • severe pain;
  • severe dizziness;
  • clouding of consciousness.

These symptoms evidence of dangerous damage to the spine, so you need to call your doctor. If you suspect a fracture of the spine may not move the child until the paramedics arrived.


Inflammation of the spine one of the spinal nerves, causing sciatica. The disease is seen in people with advanced age. There is a children's and sciatica, as a result of infectious diseases:

  • sore throat;
  • flu;
  • the viral infection.

Sciatica is manifested by pain in the lumbar region, and often these unpleasant sensations, which are felt in the legs. It is not excluded, and the feeling of tingling or numbness.

Signs for the development of sciatica:

  1. The child complains of severe pain in the back, sometimes in the legs.
  2. Often a child appears limp.
  3. On inspection of the back is observed, the curvature of the spine curve.
  4. Sometimes the body temperature rises.

As scoliosis, sciatica, can't be cured by traditional methods. It will require the assistance of specialised experts, who will determine the program of the effective treatment.

low back pain in a child


Complex degenerative disorders occurring in the spine, which leads to the development of osteoarthritis. This disease often shows as a result of other violations. In children, the pathology is rare. Dangerous changes in the body can be due to lack of treatment.

Clinical manifestations of the disease:

  • pain, pain in the back or low back, from small loads or when the weather changes;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • headache.

Osteochondrosis causes problems in the functioning of the blood vessels and nerve endings, resulting from poor circulation.

What are the problems in the body that cause pain

Doctors noticed that lower back pain occurs in children, as a consequence of some diseases or pathological States, including:

  1. Inflammation of the kidneys. Often kidney stones or other abnormalities of the kidneys can cause pain in the lower back in children. Most often, the disease affects boys. The accompanying symptoms may be fever, frequent urination, change in color and smell of urine, pale skin, increased pressure.
  2. Myositis. The main cause for disease is an inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Development factors disease — injury, infection or hypothermia. For myositis characterized by asymmetric inflammation of the nerves that cause the pain syndrome only affects one side of the body.
  3. Stress. Due to the stress the child can receive complaints of pain in the shoulders or neck.
  4. Improper diet. Calcium deficiency often causes pain in the back. The lack of this important mineral in trace levels in children lead to the development of rickets, but in older age, may result to osteoporosis. To avoid such problems, it is necessary to include in the diet foods that contain vitamins D and B.
  5. Inflammation of one or more vertebrae. May be due to hypothermia or a cold. The child complains of General weakness, sleepiness, nausea and poor appetite.
  6. Bechterew's Disease. The disease is characterized by asymmetric arthritis of the knee or lower leg. The disease affects the spine in different departments. Disturbed heart.
  7. Hypermobile syndrome. The disease occurs if there is no interference in the development of connective tissue, which leads to failure of functionality of the locomotor apparatus. Legs felt fatigue, may develop scoliosis or flat feet.

Other reasons

Among other causes of back pain are:

the causes of back pain in children
  • wearing uncomfortable shoes or the jetpack;
  • poor quality or uncomfortable, the bedding (mattress, pillow);
  • premenstrual syndrome;
  • diseases of sexual organs;
  • diseases of the blood;
  • tumor;
  • cysts;
  • tuberculosis;
  • congenital pathology.

What to do and what the child doctors

If you have had pain in the back of the child, the task of the parents to assess the situation and take the necessary measures. They need to make the diagnosis, and for this you need:

  1. Watching the youngest member of the family.
  2. Ask the child about their health.
  3. For assessing the occurrence of disease symptoms (malaise, fever, nausea).

In order to understand what is going on with the child will help the following professionals:

  • pediatrician;
  • trauma;
  • podiatrist;
  • hematologist;
  • the gynecologist (girls).

Doctors pore over medical records, conduct a thorough examination of the child. On the basis of the results, the doctor prescribes the necessary research. This can be a blood test, x-ray or CT scan. Then the doctor prescribes medications or procedures. In complex cases, it may require surgery.

Ways emergency pain relief

To relieve the pain or relieve the discomfort, you need to:

  • check the back of the child for the presence of abrasions, contusions or injuries;
  • restriction of the motor activity of the patient;
  • put the child to bed;
  • attach to the sore place something cold (ice cubes wrapped in cloth or a cold water soaked towel);
  • to make a light relaxing massage;
  • in the area of pain apply the ointment with anti-inflammatory properties.
the prevention of pain


To the spine of the child was healthy, you must always respect the following rules:

  1. Provide the child with adequate food, enriched with vitamins and minerals for the proper development of the skeleton.
  2. Follow the correct posture.
  3. To honour the day.
  4. Kids to buy comfortable orthopedic shoes.
  5. To reduce the load on the spine.
  6. Choose baby age-appropriate pillow and hard mattress, through which the spine takes the anatomical form.
  7. We organize sports activities.
  8. To avoid stressful situations.
  9. To equip the student site, observing all sanitary regulations.
  10. A year to do periodic review.

Back pain in children is a frequent occurrence and danger. To prevent side effects and complications, if you have any pain in the spine, it is better to seek help and if necessary take the full course of treatment.