Inflammation of the kidneys or your back: how to define and recognize symptoms of pain

Discomfort or pain in the back in the lumbar region, usually associated with two main reasons: problems with the spine or kidney disease. In addition, the share of the latter accounts for more than 5% of all disease processes.

To distinguish these states, the doctor has to perform a variety of laboratory-instrumental investigations and to collect carefully the anamnesis of the disease.

Lower back pain can be unilateral or diffuse. Patients describe their feelings in different ways: "kidney pull", "spin bakes or burns," etc

inflammation of the kidneys or back

Despite the similarity of the pain, each of these diseases has a number of distinctive characteristics and symptoms, through which the specialist can choose in favor of a correct diagnosis.

Before you understand the issues about how to determine if you Have kidney problems or back, it is better to seek help from a qualified physician. Because only he can understand the true cause of the pathological condition, and why it is formed.

If the patient in the anamnesis there are data about previous inflammatory processes in the kidney, the presence of stones, the destructive processes in the spine or intervertebral hernias, the diagnosis procedure in such cases is easier. However, this does not preclude the completely different nature of the bad health condition of the patient, and the emergence of new diseases.

Typical signs of the disease

Kidney disease

When back pain in the kidney area, the first thing that you should think about the inflammatory component in this body. Especially if the pain is clearly localized on one side of the belt, are there any problems with urination, and there is no relationship of pain with physical activity or physical activity.

In addition to the above signs of kidney disease the number of distinctive features:

  • The pain is often unilateral, is localized in the right or left, has pain or draw function has nothing to do with the movement in the human body and rarely gives in other anatomical regions.
  • If we are talking about renal colic, back in kidney area it hurts, very much, completely depriving the patient of the ability to travel and endure the discomfort.
  • Lying down or sitting the pain, usually do not change their intensity and character of the event, and decrease only a little.
  • The occurrence of back pain in the region of one or both kidneys may be in direct communication with the previous hypothermia, swimming in icy water or remain on the drafts.
  • There are signs of General intoxication syndrome, temperature changes of the reaction, nausea, apathy, weakness.
  • There are various symptoms of the disease, urination (spasms, cramps, etc), the urine sediment becomes cloudy, flocculent displayed on or other pathological impurities.
  • When effleurage edge of his hand to the area of the anatomical projection of the affected kidney, the body starts the pain stronger.
pain in the back

If there are serious violations in the work of the kidneys and impair their main functions, in addition to pain, the patient can be involved about the following complaints:

  • numbers blood pressure becomes unstable, there is a tendency to increase;
  • reduce the volume of urine daily output (with adequate intake of fluids during the day);
  • appear different degree of edema on the lower extremities or on the face (in the morning, which is connected with patient stay in a horizontal position during sleep, and accumulation of fluid in the tissues);
  • the patient may impair the appetite, sometimes nausea, or vomiting.

Pathology of the muscular-skeletal apparatus

Diseases of the spine, associated with destructive-dystrophic processes have more distinctive characters, by which they can be distinguished from the diseases of the urinary system:

  • Pain often are "Central" in nature, that is localized directly in the chest, passing through the spine.
  • Palpation in places of the greatest pain, is the pain above or below the place of his initial data, due to the peculiarities of the innervation of the nerve roots.
  • The appearance of this symptom, usually before weight training and rotations or tilts of the torso only increase the discomfort.
  • The patient may lose the feeling in my right or left leg, it was the feeling of crawling "chills" or other sensory disorders associated with the violation of the nervous impulse along the nerve fibers are pinched.
  • At rest the well-being of the patient improves, and exercise a convenient posture, you can completely control the attack of pain.
  • The patient has no fever, and there is no evidence of poisoning.
  • After applying warming ointments or remedies with analgesic effects, the back muscles begin to hurt much less.

Other reasons


Much less back near kidney hurts due to the following diseases:

  • Inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs, especially in women of reproductive age.
  • Gastrointestinal diseases, such as pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, peptic ulcer and others.
  • Aneurysm of abdominal aorta, mezadenita, and others.

Diagnostic methods

To know the exact cause unpleasant symptoms, and their connection with diseases of the musculoskeletal system or pathological processes in the kidney, the doctor makes a number of laboratory and instrumental studies.

When questioning the patient to pay attention to all the characteristics of the pain, its intensity, time of appearance, the factors that are against her relationship with physical activity, etc ..

A physical examination allows the specialist to determine the source of pain, for the implementation of specific functional tests. Thus, a positive sign of a beating in the projection of the kidneys, indicates a pathological process in the tissues (with increasing discomfort).

On the neurological nature of the pain associated with the destructive processes in the spine, can be determined and verified through a series of diagnostic tests. Typically, these patients have restriction of movement in the lumbar spine, impaired sensitivity of the lower extremities, positive symptoms of tension, etc ..

Indicators of blood and urine in diseases of the musculoskeletal system are completely normal, while in the kidney disease is a shift of indicators of inflammation (increased leukocyte and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, urine sediment cylinders appear in a large number of erythrocytes and leukocytes and others).

For additional diagnostic renal pathology to perform a test on Nechiporenko and urine (if necessary).

Sure all patients with suspected inflammatory processes of the urinary tract the urine is sent for culture on nutrient media. With this it is possible to determine the exact nature of the infectious agent and its sensitivity to antibacterial preparations.

A range of instrumental examination, which is quite wide, but in the early stages is limited to the following procedures:

  • Ultrasound of both kidneys, which assesses their health status, the presence of inflammation, calculi, injuries, the status of the Cup of the device and other components.
  • Radiography of the lumbar spine, which shows all the destructive processes, the protrusion of the hernia, abnormal growths and more.

If the received data are not sufficient for the diagnosis, turn on additional diagnostic procedures. Methods CT and MRI allow us to most accurately judge all of the pathological processes occurring in different organs. The highest informative value, as they enable the visualization of even the smallest education. The use of contrast agents, which are essential in determining the nature of the kidney disease. From these studies, you can start the diagnostics, if the situation requires it, or you allow the financial capabilities of the patient.


Never try to treat back pain, without knowing the nature of this condition. After all, there are procedures that one disease, that will help, while others will only worsen your condition. In addition, the etiological treatment of the diseases of the kidneys and the spine, have a completely different focus, so the medications incorrectly, not only will not bring the desired effect, but also can harm. Always seek help from a doctor that may establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe individual treatment.