The appearance of sharp pain in breast, cervical and lumbar spine is called a pinched nerve. Often, this violation occurs at a low load, but not the correct rotation of the torso, especially if the person who carries out work in the form of the bend and at the same time twists the torso to the side (sweeping with a broom, washing floors without a MOP, tying shoelaces).
This condition is caused by pressure on the spine and stretches the back muscles hold vertebrae in a physiologic position. The bobbin is moved, and the roots compresses the nerve, which runs close. This causes a pinched nerve and lead to the formation of a strong pain syndrome.
Depending on where the compression of the nerves, there are the attacks:
The character of the pain depends on the nerve compressed. When the sensory nerve is pinched, the patient experiences unbearable pain which is the cause for the hospitalization. The compression of the autonomic and motor nerve pain is not so pronounced. The patient feels numbness in certain parts of the body, the limbs, impaired their mobility. Therefore, when a pinched nerve should be immediately consulted with the doctor, and not for the implementation of the therapy in the home folk remedies. Because they help get rid of the surface symptoms, such as pain and inflammation, but will not remove the cause of the pinched nerve. Dulling the pain leads patients to a specialist at a later period, when complications arise in the form of movement disorders of the limbs (paresis) atrophy of the nerve.
Low back pain is a very common disease characterized by destructive changes in the bones and deformity of the vertebrae. The differences between them are reduced, which causes irritation and pinching of nerves. Osteochondrosis is the main cause of compression of nerve fibers .
In the case when the temporis back muscles, severe pain. In addition, hypertonicity of muscles, effect on the state of the blood vessels and impairs blood circulation. This leads to malfunction of the internal organs, which interfere with the function of the brain. The longer the nerve is death, which leads to a decrease in sensitivity of specific parts of the body, inflammation, the development of sciatica. There are also other causes of pain:
There are also other predisposing causes of pinched nerve; pregnancy, scoliosis, genetic factor, offset discs, long-term exercise. Very often such pains arise in the elderly. This is associated with age-related changes of bone tissue.
Pain, syndrome is called and when the disease of the joints. This is because the inflamed and swollen tissues compress the nerve, irritate, causing pain when you pinch a nerve .
The main symptom of a pinched nerve is a sharp pain in the back, which are perfect for strinxit nerve endings. Pain, syndrome severely limits the mobility of the patient. All awkward movement or strain of the back muscles in the pinched nerve brings additional pain to the patient. Pain persists, even at rest. Such patients difficult to sit, lie down and even stand, any physical work is impossible, because of the strong lumbagoes, which are caused by changes in the body.
The spine has physiological curvatures, which in this pathology is closed, causing a spasm of the nearby muscles. If you start timely treatment for a pinched nerve, it is possible to avoid inflammation and edema of muscle and nerve fibres. Long-term treatment for a pinched nerve, which leads to complications in the form of paresis and paralysis. So when you attack, you must immediately go to a doctor and perform treatments.
Symptoms of a pinched nerve depends on the order in which the spinal column was compressing the nerve fibres.
The cause of the pinched nerve in the lumbar region all the above reasons plus a inactive way of life, as well as the constant increased load on the spine area.
The nature of the pain in the idea, lumbagoes. They limit the movement of the patient, is not allowed to perform any physical activity. Disrupted the internal organs, especially the digestive tract. In patients with reduced peristalsis due to violation of innervation of the small intestine and the colon. It is also hard for the implementation of the law on the tomb, as the pain syndrome causes muscle spasms of smooth muscle.
Pain, syndrome was spreading in the context of the sciatic nerve, because he suffers when this type of pinch. Patients may experience a loss or vice versa, the increased sensitivity in the lower back, hip, and back of the lower limbs. The pain extends from the lumbar to the legs, therefore, patients with such injuries vary claudius on one leg.
So patients are not active and are in the selected position, so as not to cause the occurrence of the pain syndrome. A pinched nerve causing a feeling of" running ants on the skin", numbness of the body. This condition requires immediate medical help to relieve muscle spasm, inflammation and prevent the development of complications.
Thoracic spinal column is very limited in their physiological structure and the loss of the vertebrae and subsequent pinched nerve is a rare pathology. But if it happens, it is symptoms are very ambiguous, as in the dorsal nerves innervating the heart muscle. So back pain often mistaken for heart pain. However, there is one feature – such a pain not removed his heart medicine.
Characterized by pain syndrome in the grip end in the thoracic is the intercostal neuralgia the main symptom, which is surrounding the character. The patient is difficult to breathe, to move. Pain as if constricted chest and unable to move. To become more intense when breathing, coughing and sneezing. The pain extends to the chest, under the shoulder blade, shoulder and arm. Sometimes it is minor muscle twitching, tingling and numbness of the skin.
Pain when you pinch a nerve, which is a diffuse character, where it is impossible to determine the localization of the lesion. This is perceived as sincere, as it radiates to the arm and is felt in the heart. But the difference is, that increases with movement. You may feel discomfort in the epigastric region. Then you replace it with a pain in gastritis, ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases.
Long-term compression of the nerves in the thoracic part of the spine, the patient heart rhythm disturbances, whereas the suffering from the nerve endings innervating the myocardium. The deterioration of the General condition of the patient, which is the reason for the treatment of a physician.
The neck is the most mobile region of the spine, which represents the greatest burden. Therefore, cervical osteochondrosis most common pathology, which causes a pinched nerve in this area. The cause of their piers, the destructive changes, loss of vertebrae, different types of injuries. On a nerve, may cause long-term human presence in one position. When this happens, the swelling of the muscles and compression of their nerves. It affects and blood vessels, resulting in the characteristic symptoms inherent only in case of problems with whiplash. As a result of infringement of blood circulation of the suffers from the brain, which cause:
In this condition, the typical symptoms of patients such as hypertensives and hypotensives, as blood pressure is not stable and may suddenly rise or fall.
The character of the pain in the pinched nerve-sharp, pulsating, aggravated by changes in head position. Ill try not to turn your head, which is not easier, because the muscles stiffen and the pain continues. When pinching of the occipital nerve pain occurs the back of his neck and the occipital region. The pain rises to the parietal region and touches of whiskey. If a pinch of the nerves innervating the upper limb, marked pain in the shoulder and impaired flexion side, the weakening of the muscle tone. Sometimes compression in the neck, which leads to malfunction of the organs of the oral cavity, the inability of swallowing and speech.
This pathology should be treated immediately, because it disturbs the innervation of the arteries that feed the brain. Reduction in blood circulation leads to the development of ischemic stroke and a strong increase in vascular tone can lead to bleeding. Therefore, when the first signs of disease require medical attention.
With the onset of severe pain in the low back (lumbago) should be able to quickly contact the clinic. If this is not possible, then at home, to try to stop the seizure, triggered by a pinched nerve . First and foremost, it is necessary to restrict the movement and physical activity, lie on the bed with a hard mattress or on the floor, which is itself a several times folded blanket. If the patient takes a sitting position, then feet to give the chair or any other hill, because only in this position is maximum relaxation of the back muscles. In addition, it is necessary that:
In the acute period with a pinched nerve, you cannot do exercise, massage, and warm the painful site, or take a hot bath. This leads to increased blood flow, the rush of blood in the affected area and cause edema, which leads to increased pain. After the removal of the attack of severe pain, the patient will need to seek qualified assistance and perform the required treatment.
Often patients, remove the sharp pain, but not treated in the clinic, but it has dangerous consequences, because of a pinch nerve, which is the result of degenerative disc disease (most common cause), a shift of the vertebrae and there is no medical aid for yourself such cause is removed. The attack continues, the patient must make each of the incorrect movements.
When you contact the clinic, the doctor will first gather a medical history (interview), who will examine the patient and confirm the diagnosis will be focused in the further research, the most productive, which is MRI. Magnetic imaging offers the opportunity to determine the reason for jamming. This helps to view the protrusion or herniation which causes pain, structural changes of the vertebrae. This is done if there is suspicion that the cause of compression of the nerve roots is herniation and protrusion.
If you think that the pain due to displacement of the vertebrae, CT is performed. This technique gives an idea about the status of bone tissue, its degenerative changes, the position of the vertebrae. CT and MRI of informative techniques, which allow for a small dose of radiation to make an accurate diagnosis.
If the patient lacks the ability to pass these tests, doing x-rays of the spine. This method is the least informative, but gives the opportunity to see the curvature of the spine. This does not affect the soft tissues and did not show the presence of a hernia, also on the pictures that it is impossible to determine the status of bone tissue.