Causes of pain in the neck and back

Pain in the back and neck happens at least once in the life of so many people. Depending on the reasons for the discomfort, the person may need help, neurologist, internist, trauma surgeon or other specialists. Let us examine in detail what the doctor, the title, when pain in the back and neck, what to do to help.

myositis

Myositis

This is the inflammation of the muscles – back, neck, lower back. Myositis can be a complication of some viral infections such as the flu. Myositis often occurs after hypothermia, prolonged stay in the wind with the open back and the neck. A sharp pain in peace, and at the slightest movement. Sore muscles, when you touch a hot, dense, very painful.

With myositis person, difficult to move, nevertheless, try to get to the doctor – the therapist or the neurologist. After the examination the doctor may prescribe additional studies – analysis and x-ray to exclude other causes for the pain. If the diagnosis is confirmed, treated with myositis anti-inflammatory medications, rest and physical therapy fairly quickly. In myositis do not want to use tepidus ointments and compresses inflammation will ensue.

Osteochondrosis

A very common reason why pain in the neck and back pain – frequent pain in the low back. If it is soft cartilage between the vertebral bones become thin and thick, that pinch the nerves, spasm of the muscles of the back. There is a strong pulling pain all over the neck and back, if the influence of the two parts of the spinal column.

Therefore, it is best to consult with a neurologist, but in the absence of aid, it is possible to provide with your doctor or a trauma surgeon. It is necessary to perform radiography or computed tomography. Her doctor will see changes of the vertebrae, characteristic of osteoarthritis. Treatment for a few weeks, with the inclusion of pills, injections and ointments. When the pain subsides, it is useful to use physical methods, such as acupuncture. To prevent osteoarthritis is to be young, to do the regular exercises.

Deforming spondiloarthrosis

Sometimes that hurts, upper back, or lower back in a specific place. People can pretty much pinpoint the source of the pain. Such local pain is often said about deforming spondylarthrosis. This disease affects one or several joints, vertebral column, affecting all of its parts.

In the case of suspected spondylosis man should visit a rheumatologist or neurologist. After conducting more tests, x-ray, CT – the doctor confirms or rejects the diagnosis. Treatment deforming spondiloarthrosis long. To completely eliminate the changes of the joint impossible. With the help of anti-inflammatory and painkillers can only remove the deterioration. Often spondylosis occurs after a back injury.

Spondylolisthesis

The displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other. Spondylolisthesis can occur after trauma or due to congenital weakness the ligaments and muscles. The Shift of the vertebrae are pinching nerves, sharp, prolonged pain. Bend in all planes, becomes very painful muscles of the back tense.

stenosis

Spondylolisthesis is a very rare abnormality. Suspect to consult with a neurologist or traumatologist doctors will be able to distinguish this disorder from degenerative disc disease or disc herniation. Review and study the x – ray and magnetic resonance imaging. Often spondylolisthesis at require surgery. Then the person goes to the neurosurgeon. Spondylolisthesis at the recommended sleep on a firm, hard bed.

Spinal stenosis

Inside the spine is the spinal cord are the nerves that allow for movement of the whole body. In many diseases, e.g., degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, tumors, narrowing of the channel. Then the spinal cord is compressed by the bones of vertebrates. This causes pain in the back and neck, you may experience weakness in the hands or feet.

Spinal stenosis develops very slowly, symptoms are worse from day to day. The diagnosis is made by neurologist or neurosurgeon on the results of the inspection and imaging. For pain relief use of pain relievers anti-inflammatory drugs. In the event that they are ineffective and stenosis progresses, surgery is performed. To have the spine in the desired position in the stenosis aid bandages.

Prolapse intervertebral hernia

Sharp, sudden pain in the back, when a herniated disc of the spine. This is a protrusion of the cartilage, which occurs due to destruction of the dense shell of the disk. In the protrusion presses on nerves, causing severe pain. To move a person with a hernia it is difficult and very painful. Limbs, can be almost completely lost mobility in the strong compression.

A herniated disc often requires surgery, so you'll need to consult with a neurosurgeon. After the implementation of magnetic resonance tomography the doctor will define, whether you want to perform the operation, or until the elimination of pain syndrome with the medication. Used anti-inflammatory and pain medication, injections. For the prevention of hernia is necessary to strengthen the back muscles moderate loads, and avoid lifting of heavy loads.

The STATE of the disease

The STATE of the disease

Sometimes painful neck and back are not associated with the spine. This can be a problem with the STATE-authorities. Severe tonsillitis without treatment is complicated by peritonsillar abscess – biggest abscess on the side of the neck. There is severe pain in the back of his neck, upper back. The movement of the neck is limited and painful.

Along with the pain of the person who rises in temperature and the skin in the abscess is hot and red. The abscess is opened by mouth with a doctor-otorhinolaryngologist. Will require long-term treatment with antibiotics. Suspect that rhoncus tonsillitis abscess is possible by a General deterioration despite treatment increasing pain. When a large abscess people can not open the mouth due to spasm of the muscles in the vicinity of the ulcers.

Tumors

Tumors of the spine are pain in the back. It can be as metastases from other organs-and self-education of the spine. Pain when the tumors are very strong, painful, worse at night. In combination with poor General health, weight loss.

The Tumor diagnosis is difficult to suspect, because the symptoms are similar to osteoarthritis, which is most of the time. Helps detect tumors magnetic resonance imaging and blood tests. Any tumor, it is necessary to remove, as this increases, compression of the spinal cord, causing paralysis of the hands or feet. But the decision on removal by the neurosurgeon-oncologist – these specialists are tumors of the spine. In malignant tumors after surgery, receiving chemotherapy.

Injury

Falls from height, blows, wounds to the back are very dangerous complications on the spine. There is a strong, sharp pain at the time of injury. Depending on the degree and extent of damage to the spinal cord may lose the mobility and sensitivity of the hands or feet, dysfunction of urination. When severe cervical injury can cause problems with breathing and even sudden death.

For any suspected spinal injuries the person would have to get to the hospital. Best of all, when will the ambulance. The movement of a person in this state alone is very dangerous. You can increase as a result of damage to the nerves in the spine. So the best tactic is to call an ambulance and ensure peace to the victim prior to her arrival. Injury to the cervical spine frequently occurs when jumping into the water at an unknown place, at the bottom or objects under the water are too close.

rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis

This disease is autoimmune. That is the immune system attack itself. Produces antibodies that attack its own tissues of the joints. Most often in the small joints of the hands and feet. Rarely spinal injuries. There is pain in the back, inability to stoop or bend. In the spine, movement is limited.

As a rule of thumb is that a person is aware of the presence of rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is incurable completely. But, if you follow the recommendations of a competent rheumatologist, then you can get rid of frequent exacerbations and progression of the disease. Uses a powerful anti-inflammatory drugs and expensive medications, curat ut immunity. The joints in rheumatoid arthritis over time, irreversibly deformed.

Dermatomyositis

One of the rare causes of pain in the neck and back – dermatomyositis. It is also an autoimmune diseasein which the immune system is affected. On the basis of lesions in dermatomyositis muscle and skin. Own immune system attacks and damage them. The muscles become tight, the skin is thick and inelastic.

Pain dermatomyositis is constant over the entire surface of the back. The muscles, when you touch a solid, but less painful than a simple myositis. Diagnosis and treatment of dermatomyositis – the task of the rheumatologist. In the diagnosis helps a thorough interview, examination and blood tests. Treatment of life, with the use of powerful hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, which inhibit aggressive immune system.

Scleroderma

Sclerosis rarely presents with pain in the back. This is a systemic autoimmune disease, which in affected joints, veins, muscles and many internal organs: blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract. While scleroderma can appear as pain in the lower part of the back and across the back along the neck. The pain is constant, pain, accompanied by a feeling of tightness and muscle weakness.

If you suspect scleroderma should consult with a rheumatologist. He will conduct a thorough inspection, assess the condition of the skin and joints. Also called blood tests that showed signs of aggression their own immunity. A treatment similar to the treatment of dermatomyositis – a systemic anti-inflammatory, hormonal.

Sharp Syndrome

This disease is very similar to scleroderma or dermatomyositis. In its development also cooperates own immune cells attacking the body. There is pain in the back, from the cervical to the lumbar region. Often the pain in the joints and other organs as the disease affects the entire body.

The diagnosis is very difficult. A rheumatologist after review and receipt of the results of the research will be to rule out other systemic diseases. Only in this case we can speak of the probability of sharp syndrome. Long-term treatment, the use of painkillers, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Systemic vasculitis

These diseases are striking vessels. Depending on the size of the container – small, medium or large systemic vasculitides are divided into a number of diseases. In the development of all of these vasculitis is an immune attack on the walls of their vessels. Become inflamed, thicken, can be damaged.

If it is a small vessel, the rash appears on the skin in the form of fine or medium points. With the defeat of the larger vessels of the rash may not be, but the affected organ, perfused distressed vessels: kidneys, heart, and brain. Treatment systemic vasculitis rheumatologist with vascular tools and immunosuppressants.

pain after a massage

Pain after a massage

Back pain after the massage may be too rough impact of the masseur. Often, especially in people with sensitive fragile vessels, after a session, having a slight abrasions. This is manifested by severe pain in the back and following the visit of the masseur will be even more painful.

But sometimes, that pain is not the fault of the masseur. When the muscle cramps, bloating, them during the massage, the muscles gradually relax. Then the first movement of the hands of the specialist cause unpleasant and painful, and by the end of the session, the muscles will relax and the pain will pass.

When emergency medical assistance?

  • Pain in the back can be completely benign phenomenon, but is sometimes necessary emergency treatment to the doctor:
  • Pain in the back, in combination with heat – this happens when the epidural abscess.
  • Suspected, pain in the back and neck in an infant under one year.
  • The pain combined with vomiting, severe headache in the occiput and inability to bend the neck forward may indicate meningitis.
  • Pain is the result of a blow or a fall on the back.
  • The pain eases during the day.

How to facilitate the status of the house?

If the pain is not strong, then you can try to alleviate the condition at home before visiting the doctor.

  • You can use compresses of the leaves of burdock or cabbage: relieve swelling in muscles, decrease inflammation in myositis.
  • Confricantes on the basis of alcohol may be used in osteochondrosis, spondylarthrosis – relax tense muscles and ease the condition.
  • Can often help, simply resting the back. Indeed, one of the most common causes of pain, strain and fatigue. For the understanding of the causes of pain in the back and neck is difficult.

A huge number of reasons, which can cause pain. This article lists the most important for the review. For accurate diagnosis and treatment should see a specialist.

01.09.2018