The loin is called back from the bottom of the chest to the coccyx. Lower back pain is very common. According to statistics, from time to time pain in the lumbar regions of the face about 90% of people. Sometimes the cause of the pain is strain – for example, when too intensive training or after a long stay in an unpleasant situation. But in some cases, this means a serious disturbance in the body.
The lower back is a very large load. In the lying position, the intervertebral discs are under the pressure of 50 kg in a standing position — 100 kg, in a sitting position with a straight back without the support 150 kg, and if the person sits and slouches — 220 kg. The intervertebral discs in this region are especially vulnerable and wear out faster than other parts of the spine. If, therefore, all the unpleasant feelings in the lower back, you should immediately seek the advice of a doctor to avoid more serious problems with the spine.
If you have pain in the lower back, this does not mean that the reason lies in the spine. Lower back pain can result from disease of internal organs, especially the gastrointestinal tract. Sometimes the pain can be felt in kidney disease and the reproductive organs, many women have lower back pain during menstruation.
However, it is the most common cause of low back pain is a variety of diseases and injuries of the spine and back muscles.
Especially often it is due to osteochondrosis at which the intervertebral discs lose their elasticity and durability.
A sharp, sudden pain in the low back can be a symptom of a herniated disc or sciatica. In these cases, the pain gets worse when deep breathing and active movement.
Often, pain in the lumbar region occurs in people who suffer from displacement of intervertebral disc, scoliosis, which is curvature of the spine, as well as some other growing pains.
Different of inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis and Reiter's syndrome, and infectious diseases affecting the spine and intervertebral discs (tuberculosis, brucellosis, epidural abscess), causing severe pain in the lumbar region.
Their cause may also be a tumor located near the spine or in the spinal cord.
For the definition of basic disease, which causes pain and discomfort, need to pass a full medical examination.
In the appointment of conservative therapy pursued three main objectives: help the development of programs and preventive measures to treat the underlying disease that causes pain, and early return of the patient to normal life.
Regardless of the cause of pain in the lumbar region, for the treatment of the basic disease, which is the most commonly used drugs. In addition, the doctor may prescribe painkillers in the form of tablets or ointments, but in the case of severe pain in the form of injections.
As a supplement for them – or, if the treatment medicine is contraindicated – prescribed course therapeutic massage or manual therapy. Of course, massage should be done with a high qualified expert, because if improperly performed it may do more harm than good.
In recent years, patients with inflamed lower back, often recommend a course of acupuncture. This method is very efficient for pain, relieve pain and muscle tension.
In many diseases of the spine a good effect is given physiotherapy and yoga, but these classes are in any case impossible to pursue on its own initiative – the programme provides specialist.
It is also important to take into account the regime and do not overload your back. If you have pain in your lower back, do not suddenly lift the weights, but moderate exercise is necessary. Try as often as possible to walk and take small breaks during working hours to perform some simple exercises for your workout.
Pain in the lumbar region is always a sign of disease, which will not work by itself. Pain medication only hide the problem, not the solution.
With the appropriate treatment to improve the condition of the patient the pain disappears by itself, but complete recovery requires time. For pain relief, requires a sequence of events that can only be achieved in a specialised medical institution.
But regardless of the causes of pain in the lower back, you need to understand why. If the doctor cannot be set up, and called painkillers, there is a risk that you start the situation. Then the pain may develop into chronic, and pain medication that can be addictive.
One of the modern effective methods of chronic pain treatment in modern hospitals, there is a method to relieve the Pain. The method consists of a series of virtually painless injections in the lumbar region, which block pain by destroying the nerve endings in the area of inflammation. Pain relief is an opportunity to get rid of the pain for a longer period of time (a year or two, until recovery of the nerve endings), in which, following the doctor's recommendations, you'll be able to take the necessary measures to find and eliminate the root cause of the pain.
For pain relief used and other programs, including drug treatment, and methods of physical therapy – physiotherapy, massage, acupuncture, electrical stimulation and treatment with ozone, Botox treatment and more.