Back pain during pregnancy: norm and pathology, treatment and prevention

Pregnancy, no matter how desirable it may be, serves as the body, which is a strong stress factor and has a huge load. Between this load and the body's ability to resist keeping the fragile balance. Its violation leads to the development of different pathological conditions, for example, the occurrence of back pain in pregnancy.


Complaints of discomfort in the back is one of the most common problems that pregnant women consult a doctor. Especially in the later stages of pregnancy.

The causes for back pain during pregnancy

As a rule, the question of why pregnancy back pain, there is no one answer.

Discomfort causes not only one, but a number of factors:

  • the crippling effect of the gradual increase of a pregnant uterus;
  • the shift of center of gravity;
  • the weight gain of pregnant women.

By itself, the uterus is a small cavity structure surrounded by other bodies. Therefore, any increase in their size will cause mechanical pressure on neighboring organs, including the musculoskeletal system.

The individual parts of the skeleton represent a fixed entity (e.g., the bones of the pelvis), which are compressed by the pregnant uterus, which causes pain in the back and the waist.

Pregnant women again because of the growing uterus, is a change in the normal center of gravity. As a result, the lower part of the back and spine affect a significant burden. There is hypertonicity of the muscles of the back may be pinching the nerve processes, which leads to pain.

In addition to the uterus, the load on the spine can also increased body weight during pregnancy, resulting in the increase of food, a variety of hormonal shifts. The mechanism of pain due to this all the same.

Back pain in pregnant women can occur not only physiological changes, but also a number of pathological conditions, which we will discuss next.

It is also interesting that the occurrence of pain is absolutely not crucial time of pregnancy. Often the pain in the back and the cross develop in the later stages. But in the early stages of pregnancy, back pain is not uncommon.

The characteristics of the pain

Range of back pain during pregnancy a wide. This can be so painful pain in the lower back, the coccyx, and is a kind of "muscle" pain in the back. Also for different stages of pregnancy is characterized by some kind of back pain.

In the early stages most women will feel pain, which is localized in the low back may hurt. They are similar in character to the pain that occurs during menstruation.

The cause of the pain lies again in the increasing volume of the uterus, which presses on the bladder and bowels. As a result, there are typical complaints.

Late term women describe constant pain localized in the lower back and the back muscles, back pain when pregnant at 25 weeks. The reason is just change the center of gravity and overloading the lumbar muscles. In addition, the pain may disappear when next to a pregnant horizontal position, or any other reduction of the load on the spine.

When pain is the norm?

Or can you during pregnancy is to hurt your back by yourself? Not, the possible presence of pain syndrome is not the rule. His appearance in pregnant women, which requires attention and find the cause. Long-term back pain in pregnant women can cause sleep disturbances, insomnia, which can then affect the pregnancy and even permit birth.

my back

In addition, pain in the back due to the limitations of the pregnant women and a violation of her lifestyle. This can trigger the development of stress, psycho-emotional disorders and the formation of postpartum depression.

There are also a number of pathological conditions during pregnancy, in which the presence of pain in the back and the lower back can serve as a "worrying sign".

If you want to sound the alarm?

So "horrible" the conditions are: risk for spontaneous abortion or miscarriage. Pain in the back, in this case, pulling and aching pain, which is localized in the lower part of the back. Some women describe the feeling: "when menstruation like pain" or "pain and fears".

This type of pain indicates possible activation of uterine contractility. Premature activity in early pregnancy can cause miscarriage, and late premature birth.

If the back is so sore, from 36. of the week, and especially on the 39-40 weeks of pregnancy, must inform the obstetrician.

In addition, there are a number of conditions which are not associated with pregnancy, but accompanied by different symptoms of back pain. The combination of all of these conditions and of pregnancy, especially late on your own time, can cause various complications during the birth process, the hazards to the life and health of the fetus and the mother.

These conditions include:

  • Diseases of the kidney. Among them is particularly dangerous for pregnant women are pyelo-and glomerulonephritis. The combination of these disease, pregnancy can lead to the development of pre - eclampsia.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Osteochondrosis, herniated disc, radiculitis.

How to get rid of back pain

Treat back pain during pregnancy is made up of a variety of techniques. Drug effects are usually widely used during pregnancy, most require medical supervision and should be quite limited. This is due to the fact that some pain medications can have a negative impact on the fetus.

So, if the woman has back pain during pregnancy and she does not know what to do, first and foremost, you need to "unload" the spine, decrease the load level.

no load

Typically, this method is wearing special bandages to support the abdomen. There is also a special back massage designed for pregnant women. Its application relaxes the back muscles and reduce the pain.

However, if the back pain is not associated with the pregnancy and with pathology of other organs, further treatment requires a more serious approach, and medical supervision and, as a rule, the conditions for the pathology of pregnancy.


Prevention of back pain in pregnant women is the appointment of therapeutic physical training, gymnastics or yoga for pregnant women. This improves the body's ability to resist the physical load of pregnancy.

Yoga also helps the woman develop the right type of breathing, which can then be used in the generative process.

In addition to the assessment of therapeutic exercise, pregnant, must also meet a series of recommendations:

  • refusal to wear during pregnancy high heels, shoes;
  • the exception of heavy lifting or excessive physical activity;
  • the use of a special orthopedic mattress, which reduces the load on the musculoskeletal system of pregnant women;
  • periodic changes in body position;
  • control body weight, reduce excess body weight.

Syndrome is the occurrence of back pain during pregnancy can cause the increase of the uterus and the loads on the spine and a number of more serious conditions.

So, if at the time of pregnancy suddenly fell ill the lower back was pulling and cramping, pain or a sharp "colicky" pain that requires urgent consultation with doctor to avoid the risk of miscarriage or comorbidity pregnant.