PAIN IN THE JOINTS

ETIOLOGY Joints can be formed pathological processes, for example,
  • inflammation,
  • stretching,
  • deficiencies or problems with the metabolic processes.
The symptom is characteristic of this disease:
  • synovitis;
  • bursitis;
  • tendinitis;
  • arthritis;
  • gout;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatoid or reactive arthritis;
  • benign and malignant diseases.

To elicit pain in the limbs may be a variety of obstacles, in accordance with these indicators, it is also possible to determine the risk group:

  • age older than 60 years;
  • genetics;
  • birth defects;
  • excessive sporting activities;
  • weight;
  • injuries and fractures;
  • sex.

Pain in the knee, shoulder, hand, or other sites where connective tissue can develop from impaired circulation of the synovial membrane of the joint.

This contributes to the deterioration of the regeneration of the cartilage. Articular cartilage begins to break down, and yet damaged the bone itself, the muscles and surrounding joints.

pain in the joints

The other common reason that doctors outsource in the diagnosis of the disease is the diet.

Pain in the joints this factor is less evident, doctors suggest to follow a diet that will, like a lot of calcium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon and zinc.

The next important factor that people who have pain in the joints of the fingers and toes, it is humili castle way of life. Limbs begin to hurt because the person who moves in a little, causing reduced production of synovial fluid, the disturbed metabolism.

A person who may appear functional facies anterior painful syndrome, which arises from stress and nervous tension.

Why painful joints, your doctor will be able to find out after screening and diagnosis.

Is a symptom that is manifested in a variety of shapes and types, so that the doctor brought in a classification, which allows you to quickly determine the type of symptom: the nature of the injury – inflammation and non-aestuans; the vastness of the progression – mono-, oligo - and polyarticular; translations of General and localized. During the development of many diseases, the patients feel painful syndrome of different origin and time of the competition.

Doctors have identified 4 major types of pain: mechanical; starter; night; expressed. PATHOLOGY WITH PAIN Often if a person has pain in the joints of the fingers, this may be due to the development of arthritis. To inform the patient about the development of the pathology of the can and the other signs: high body temperature; swelling of tissues; fever in the joints; the burden when moving. The disease is in the form of mono - and POLYARTHRITIS, which is damaged one or more joints.

Gout is marked by the signs monoartrita. In the recurrence of inflammation, the patient impact on the neighbouring joints. In the pathological process involved the entire body. Gout is characterised by pain in the elbow joint is strong and intense.

Another common disease of the joints of the fingers is osteoarthritis. In the age of the people, which are of elastic cartilage that protects the joint from damage, gradually hardens, losing its elasticity and becomes more vulnerable stage. In the process of damage, cartilage is erased, ligaments and tendons are stretched, which causes increased pain.

Osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, regardless of its initial state. The disease may succumb to the fingers, knees, spine, shoulders, knees. Quick to recognize this pathology is possible with a few special features:
  • pain and soreness in the affected area;
  • the bumps on the bones.

To remedy the symptom, the patient will be reduced body weight to reduce stress on the joint inflammation exercises and take painkillers.

Another common disease that results in pain, it is considered that the osteoarthritis. He belongs to a group of degenerative diseases of the cartilage tissue.

Uses arthrosis of the large joints: the hip;
  • humeroscapular;
  • the knee;
  • ankle.
Ankle osteoarthritis

The disease develops gradually. The patient may feel a slight crunch and pain in the hip when walking. On hyalinus cartilage, occur in the cracks, which lead to a rough surface. With the development of the pathology is completely destroyed. In total, it has lost former mobility, increased stiffness and pain.

The general symptoms are added, and neurologic signs.

Bursitis in its manifestation, such as arthritis, so at the first hearing of the patient, physicians are often confused about this disease. Upon detection of such pathology, the patient does not need to wonder why pain in the joints, because inflammation, which is located in the articular capsule.

With the development of the disease the patient feels these additional features:

  • discomfort;
  • stiffness.

Often, the disease which is caused in the knee, shoulder, or hips.

This can cause inflammation of the synovial membrane from damage, compression or injury. Fibromyalgia – a disease which is manifested in the unknown etiology. The disease is characterized by severe pain in muscles, joints, head, and inability to sleep. With the progression of the pathology, patients may feel fatigue and impaired bowel function. Development of osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone density. Typically, the pathology of which is formed in women in the postmenopausal period.

The manifestation is on the basis of changes in the structure of the bone tissue.

DIAGNOSIS

To find out why it caused the pain in the shoulder joint, leg, hip or arm, the patient will need to seek the advice of a physician.

A full body examination and detection of pathology can be performed by a medical doctor, surgeon, orthopedist, traumatologist, rheumatologist.

Diagnosis, that causes unpleasant symptom, which is for the implementation of laboratory and instrumental investigations:

  • blood tests;
  • immunological study;
  • test definition antistreptolisin;
  • a sample of the synovial fluid;
  • radiography;
  • tomography;
  • myelography;
  • is intraosseous venography;
  • arthroscopy;
  • discography;
  • radionuclide study;
  • arthrography;
  • a biopsy of the.

For accurate diagnosis, visit a doctor immediately it is important to collect history. This includes information on the clinical picture, infectious process, psoriasis, trauma, poor diet and other data that can tell us about the etiology of a symptom. After this, the patient is assigned to perform the above-mentioned surveys, depending on the suspected diagnosis.

Lack of physical activity in a working day is a distinctive feature of the work in the office. immotumque medentis, spending long periods in an awkward position and provoke too much stress on the joints and cause pain, discomfort and gradual destruction of the cartilage.

Therefore, office workers are advised to regularly do exercises, and they need the resources for the protection and regeneration of the cartilage tissue, chondroprotectors.

With the development of the disease destroys the protective cartilage of the joint. Through this process, the surface of the joint is deformed and the movement of a certain part of the body is limited.

Pain in the knee or other extremities during walking and intensifies gradually developing atrophy of the muscles of the extremities.

The doctor prescribed to patients for joint pain with various medications and ointments, so the treatment is composed exclusively of conservative methods:

  • balancing of power is to reduce the amount of meat, salt, and spicy ingredients,
  • increase consumption of vegetables and fruits, eat less;
  • if you want to get rid of excess weight; no alcohol abuse; sports – gymnastics in water
  • swimming;
  • do cold and warm compresses.
Pain treatment

Often you can find that doctors recommend to patients folk remedies for pain in joints.

These include the following ingredients and procedure:

  • packages of cheese,
  • sinapi flour
  • bran,
  • mud
  • potatoes;
  • tincture,
  • juices and teas from dandelion,
  • hell,
  • elderberry;
  • baths with anti-inflammatory essential oils.

Also to eliminate the pain is a good mixture and ointment, nettle, st. john's wort, yarrow, potatoes and cabbage.

As to traditional measures of treatment, doctors recommend to start treatment on these principles: the use of painkillers;

  • the removal of the inflammation;
  • stop the degenerative process;
  • the processing of the musculoskeletal system; control way of life.

Choice excellent medicine for pain in the joints, the patient is provided with medications, surgery, physiotherapy and rehabilitation methods.

The effectiveness of technology also depends on the level of pain and certain diseases.

For example, in acute diseases, the patient is blockade of nerve endings, which represents the injection of a strong drug.

After this procedure the patient for a long time, all the symptoms and discomfort during movement. This technique doctors begin to in rare cases. Part of any therapy ( drugs. They are assigned to the patient in every situation and with the development of various diseases.

The person is recommended to eat such preparations that improve the General condition of the patient and pain pills when the pain:

  • non-steroidal medicines;
  • antibiotics;
  • hormones from the adrenal cortex;
  • hondroprotektory;
  • vitamins.

To eliminate the pain attack of various medicinal products that are administered intravenously, orally, or locally. For quick suppression of a symptom, it is advisable to use the ointment for pain on the basis of natural ingredients.

The above ingredients of traditional medicine can be at home to make natural painkillers. Must be used in the look of discomfort, and sometimes even as a preventive measure. For local Troubleshooting symptom also apply the patch from the pain.

PREVENTION

Preventive measures referred pain in the shoulder joint, feet, hands or hip appliances are so easy, orderly way of life.

In order to reduce the opportunities for the development of a serious illness, doctors are advised to exercise several times a week for half an hour. Due to such small training, you can prevent inflammation of the joints.

It is also recommended that you choose the right products for animal feed, which are filled with useful nutrients and can fill in the bones and joints of the body with the right nutrients.

At the slightest pain in the extremities or in the musculoskeletal system, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor in time to prevent the development of pathology.

27.07.2018