Why do I have lower back pain? 9 the main causes and treatment methods

It therefore suggests that, in order to understand why a painful lower back women and what to do in such cases.

Lower back pain: causes in women


Causes of lower back pain in women can be very varied, namely:

  • a lot of physical effort;
  • pregnancy;
  • the menstrual period;
  • pre - and menopause;
  • diseases of the spine;
  • diseases of the reproductive system organs.
  • diseases of the urinary tract;
  • weight;
  • shoes with high heels.

Depending on the cause of pain in the lumbar region may be one-sided .

Pain in the lumbar region on the left: causes in women

In women, left-sided lumbar pain, is often caused by inflammation of the left ovary or tube, as well as kidney stone disease, if the calculus is located in the left kidney or ureter. In addition, pain in the left side can be due to ectopic pregnancy, if the fertilized egg is in the left fallopian tube.

Pain in the lower back on the right women: causes

If back pain in the lumbar region on the right, then you'll need to exclude right sided tubal pregnancy, inflammation of the right ovary or tube, stone of the right kidney or ureter, as well as appendicitis.

Now consider in more detail the most common causes of pain in the lumbar region and the principles for their treatment.

Back pain in the lumbar region: causes and treatment of this problem

Great workout

Excessive muscle corset of the spine is what hurt the lower back in women. Most often such pain are observed in girls and women, who are not used to physical work or long time do not load a physical load.

For example, a woman who never went to the gym and then decided to get your body in shape. So, after this load she can hurt you in the waist, back, abdominal muscles, etc., This can be explained by t. i. delayed onset muscle soreness (the influence of lactic acid on the muscle fibres, which is manifested as pain) or hyperextension of muscles and ligaments.

Also lower back pain in women can cause lifting heavy bags or a child, work, house, etc ..

Pain in the lumbar region due to the physical strain, almost always resolves on its own within a few days. To improve the situation will help warming the ointment. However, in the case when pain persists, consult your family doctor or therapist, who can refer you to related professionals.


Probably every woman who gave birth during the carrying a child copes with pain in the lumbar region. It should be noted that such pain during pregnancy can be considered normal, because the spine and the back muscles account for a huge burden, because the weight pregnant.

In addition, it plays an important role in the occurrence of low back pain in women during pregnancy has to shift the centre of gravity of the body, hormonal changes, reduced muscle tone and ligaments of the abdomen.

In the third trimester when the body prepares for childbirth, the woman notices that he has pain in the lower back and pulls on the lower part of the abdomen. Such pain is called about Hicks contractions are the norm, if the woman has other complaints, such as the pursuit of all species from the vagina.


In the ninth month of pregnancy almost all women experience with pain in the sacrum and lower back. Because in this time the pelvis is actively growing, its articulation must go, that a child can go through the birth canal.

To deal with back pain during pregnancy will help swimming, water aerobics, Pilates or yoga. Hicks contractions do not require treatment.

But in any case, about any of their feelings during pregnancy, you need to speak to the obstetrician-gynecologist, of which are appearing for the exclusion of disease, which can masquerade as described condition.


The cause of lower back pain in women in childbearing age can also be a regular period. Menstrual cramps occur due to the hormonal changes in the body. Really, at the time of the menstrual period dramatically increases the level of estrogen and prostaglandins in the blood, which lowers the pain threshold. In the uterus between the exfoliation layer of the endometrium, and because the pain threshold is lowered, then the woman has pain in the abdomen, loins and sacrum.

The second factor that can cause menstrual pain is the fact that the uterus, by subtraction, a little back and affect the rectum, which may cause lumbar pain.

If the pain in lower back before menstruation, is most likely the symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome. However, if pain, still sick in the morning, it does not hurt to do a pregnancy test.

For the elimination of menstrual cramps the gynecologist may recommend taking medications. Antispasmodics are best when the monthly does not take, because they will relax the uterus, extension and increase of menstrual bleeding.

Pre - and menopausal women

With the onset of pre-menopause in a woman's body experiences significant changes in metabolism and hormonal background. First reduce and then completely stop the production of estrogen and progesterone.

The biggest changes are the genitals located in the pelvic cavity. So often have pain in the abdomen and in the lumbar region in women in the menopause age.

In addition to pain in the lumbar region, women complain of hot flashes, increase or decrease in blood pressure, dryness of the mucous membranes of the sexual organs, increased sweating and other unpleasant symptoms.

Despite the fact that the described processes in the body are physiological and eventually everything has to be adapted to, the woman must visit the gynecologist, because in this period also increases the risk for various diseases (uterine fibroids, cervical cancer, inflammation of the appendages, uterine synechia).

If back pain in the lumbar region caused just menopause and pathological causes in women has not been established, the doctor-gynecologist may prescribe a drug to help deal of the female body with the unpleasant symptoms of menopause. Drugs of choice in this case can be hormonal or homeopathic remedies.

Diseases of the spine

If pain in the back below the waist, it is necessary to examine the spine because it can show degenerative disc disease, pinched nerves, disc herniation, ankylosing spondylitis, etc ..

The most common diseases of the spine, it is considered osteochondrosis, which is characterized by degenerative changes in the vertebral bodies, intervertebral discs and ligamentous apparatus. Because these changes can affect and inflammation of the nerve roots that gives pain, which increases at motions.

Most often affects the cervical and lumbar spine. When lumbar osteochondrosis will hurt the lower back. Also pain can radiate to the legs, abdomen and genitals.

The treatment of degenerative disc disease does not neurologist and the doctor-vertebrologist. The basis of treatment of this disease are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, supplemented with muscle relaxants, massage, gymnastics, and, if necessary, surgery.

Diseases of the reproductive system

Causes of lower back pain in women can be diseases of the reproductive organs such as ovarian cysts, torsion legs ovarian cysts, endometriosis, polyps, fibroids and uterine fibroids and malignant tumors of the uterus and appendages.

Pain in these diseases is different. Pain pain is more characteristic of endometriosis, fibroids, fibroids and malignant tumors of the uterus. Severe pain women feel, when torsion legs ovarian cysts.

In addition to pain in the lower part of the abdomen and lower back women may also complain of fever, bleeding from the uterus, vaginal discharge, weight loss, absence of menstruation etc

In any case, it is not necessary to carry out their diagnosis and self-treatment, because medicine has its indications, contraindications and side effects, and folk medications are not always helpful. Therefore, without competent medical assistance is required.

Diseases of the urinary system

Kidney disease and urinary tract infections often cause pain in the lumbar region. By girdle pain, which may indicate pyelonephritis or cystitis.

Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the renal pelvis, which is caused by pathogenic micro-organisms. Bacteria can reach the kidney from the blood, or by ascending through the urethra from the bladder.

For pyelonephritis is characterized by constant lumbar pain, fever, sweating, weakness, difficulty or frequent urination, as well as the formation of pathological impurities in the urine (pus, blood, mucus).

Pain along the urethra, which is indicated in the lower part of the back and inner part of the problem, and frequent urination in women can be due to cystitis.

the kidneys

Diagnosis and treatment of diseases, which has been described urologist and nephrologists. Patients assigned to the antibiotic that the pathogen is sensitive pyelonephritis or cystitis.


Excess weight can also be the cause of pain in the back, including the loins. In their youth the pain due to excess weight occur rarely, but with aging becomes a major problem. After all, with age, the calcium leaches from the bones, the muscles lose their tone, and the extra pounds makes a lot of load on the spine, and is manifested by pain in the back and the waist.

Therefore, it is the only solution in this case will be to reduce weight, you can do yourself or with the help of a specialist dietician.

High heel shoes

In high heels, should not claim that your legs longer and more attractive figure. However, they also affect the natural curves of the spine, which can be experience pain in the lumbar region.

If you want to get rid of the pain, there is no need to completely abandon the high heel shoes, it is only required to reduce their height to five inches.

As you can see, the reasons for pain in the lumbar region very much. Decide what causes the phenomenon of pain, which will help you specialist. First and foremost, consult with a therapist, after a comprehensive review of your body will make the diagnosis and give therapeutic recommendations.

If necessary, the doctor may refer you to related professionals: a gynecologist, a neurologist, a doctor-urologist, surgeons and other doctors, depending on the disease, which causes pain in the lower back.