How to understand the kidney pain or back

Pain in the kidney occur very often, and the reasons for this may be different. When Troubleshooting, you must know how to realize that renal pain, not the spine or the low back.

pain in the back

Lower back pain is not only kidney disease, but degenerative disc disease, sciatica, pancreatitis, aortic aneurysm, cholelithiasis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, and inflammatory processes in the pelvis. In 90% of cases back pain is caused by problems with the spine, 6% – diseases of the kidney, and the remaining 4% – diseases of other internal organs.

In addition, back pain is manifested in different ways: by pulling, cutting, and put in the lower extremities. At radiculitis and osteochondrosis, pain makes itself known when making the motion, constraining and restricting their mobility.

Symptoms of kidney disease

In the diagnosis of the disease is necessary to understand that it hurts the kidneys. The first step should be to determine the localisation of pain caused by kidney disease, pain in the back are not over the pelvis, and a little higher in the lower ribs. They can be of two types:

  1. Acute pain, or renal colic. The main reason for this is the presence of kidney stones which are formed due to improper metabolism.
  2. Dull and aching pain. Due to a disruption in the normal functioning of the kidney, is localized in the lower part of the back and gives the lower extremities.

First and foremost you need to understand the reason why kidneys hurt. Maybe it was hypothermia, inflammatory processes (flu, sore throat) or unusual stress on the back due to the heavy physical work.

In addition, the symptoms of kidney disease are:

  • sleepiness;
  • fatigue;
  • The general condition of weakness;
  • headache;
  • high blood pressure;
  • loss of appetite;
  • nausea or vomiting;
  • frequent or painful urination;
  • high temperature;
  • chills;
  • excessive sweating;
  • swelling;
  • rash on the skin;
  • blurred vision.

The main kidney disease

The most common diseases are glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, and urolithiasis.

Glomerulonephritis – inflammation of the kidney tubules and glomeruli. Develops acutely and is primarily manifested by swelling on the face, the appearance of blood in the urine and high blood pressure. Lower back pain is felt on both sides. The most common cause of this disease, which serve to transfer colds and streptococcal infections (e.g. strep throat). For the diagnosis requires that blood and urine tests.

Pyelonephritis – infectious diseases of inflammatory nature, characterized by lesions of the interstitial tissue, renal pelvis and the cups. The cause of the infection in most cases, serve as a of bacterial pathogens. Inflammation of the kidneys in the affected area (pain can be on two sides and one). The deterioration of the General condition of the patient, elevated body temperature, reduced appetite, in addition, may cause nausea and vomiting. Diagnosis blood and urine tests, ultrasound and contrast radiography.

Urolithiasis – stones in the kidneys or your ureters. Infectious diseases of the urinary system – the main reason for the formation of kidney stones. The main symptom is a severe stabbing pain, called renal colic. In addition, the temperature rises, there is blood in the urine and impairment of the General condition. Seizures can be due to alcohol and heavy meals. To reduce the pain requires the use of antispasmodics and pain medication, hospitalization of the patient.

Prevention of kidney pain

In order to reduce the pain in the kidneys, you need to consider total treatment of the disease, which is usually quite a complex and long-lasting.

This is necessary to avoid drafts, to avoid overcooling, and limit the use of heavy foods (fried, spicy, salty and too greasy), drink enough water (always). You also need to drink herbal teas and special teas have a diuretic effect. The diet should consist of cranberries, cranberry, cucumber, cantaloupe and watermelons.

Pain in the low back

Many faced with the problem of pain in the lumbar region. This is not always possible to immediately understand, pain in the lower back or kidneys.


The lower back can hurt for a number of reasons:

  • sciatica,
  • pain in the low back,
  • cholelithiasis,
  • aortic aneurysm,
  • pancreatitis,
  • ulcers in the stomach or 12-duodenum,
  • kidney disease,
  • inflammatory processes in the pelvic cavity.

Lower back pain can be a symptom of many diseases, of which 90% of the cases are problems with the spine and back muscles, about 6% of kidney disease, and only the remaining 4% — diseases of other internal organs.

Characterized by pain in diseases of the spine and back muscles

The pain can be towed or sharp, "shooting", when it is impossible even to straighten her back. If you have problems with the spine, pain is often localized in the middle of the lower back. It can radiate to the lower limbs.

Pain in osteochondrosis and radiculitis usually spreads during movement. Mobility in the lumbar spine is not limited by muscle spasm. Pain decreases after rubbing in the small of your back warming and anti-inflammatory ointments or gels. Also back pain can be alleviated, if the heat or wear a special orthopedic belt.

Symptoms of kidney disease

To understand that you have a headache, you need to know, what are the symptoms if you have kidney disease can be accompanied by pain in the low back. The most common inflammatory disease of the kidneys glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis. Pain in the low back can be a manifestation of urolithiasis, the main symptom, which is the so-called renal colic.

It is necessary to remember, what was the reason for pain in the low back. Just before this, if you have wet feet, this means inflammation of the kidney. If the onset of symptoms took place heavy physical work, unusual strain on the back, or simply slept in an uncomfortable position, you are most likely to disturb the spine or the lumbar muscles. Glomerulonephritis can be assumed in the case, when a few weeks before the occurrence of painful sensations in the lumbar region you have quinsy, flu or other colds.

So, how to determine what is kidney pain? It is necessary to pay attention to the following symptoms:

  • deterioration of health: lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue, weakness;
  • increase in blood pressure, and as a consequence, a headache;
  • the appearance of edema on the face, legs, which is usually noticeable in the morning and in the evening smoothed;
  • the increase in body temperature, chills, sweating;
  • nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting;
  • frequent or painful urination;
  • the intensity of the pain does not depend on the position of the body.

You can also change the urine: it becomes a saturated color, or vice versa colorless, contains blood, mucus or sediment. These symptoms speak in favor of the kidney disease.

A very important localization of pain. Many do not know where it should be handled and what are the characteristics of pain. Kidney disease, pain, often annoyed with one hand, left or right of the spine. This is localized just below the ribs and can radiate to the following areas:

  • on the lateral wall of the abdomen and back;
  • in the context of the ureter;
  • the external sexual organs;
  • on the inner surface of the thighs.

The characteristics of pain in kidney pathology

For renal colic is characterized by acute paroxysmal pain. Painful urolithiasis, associated with obstruction of the urinary tract konkrementom and a violation of the outflow of urine. Comes enhanced peristalsis and spasm of the ureter, in addition to the stone with a sharp edge to damage and irritate the nerve endings in the walls of the urinary tract. These changes are the cause for the pain.

The pain caused by the inflammation of the kidney is of a different nature. Inflammation of the kidneys to increase the volume, the fabric swells. The result stretches the kidney capsule has many nerve endings. The tensile strength of the shell is the stimulation of these endings, which leads to pain. For pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis characterized by a dull aching sensation in the right or left lumbar region. In these diseases the pain is very pronounced, in contrast with the kidney stones and diseases of the spine.

Possible causes for low back pain

In fact, any diseases that can cause pain in the lower back, is not enough. The main reason for that is:

  • osteochondrosis, scoliosis, radiculitis;
  • inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis);
  • aortic aneurysm;
  • ulcers of the stomach or bowel (particularly the duodenum);
  • kidney disease;
  • stones in gallbladder;
  • inflammatory processes in the pelvis.

According to health statistics, back pain related to kidneys comprise only 5-6% of all the possible causes. Also of 100, which is used, 90 (%) of patients is low back pain associated with spinal problems.

Tips on how to determine pain in the kidneys

Of renal colic. Acute pain, caused by a blockage of the urinary tract (hydronephrosis, stones) or a larger size of the kidney (tuberculosis, cysts, tumors). Sometimes the pain reaches such a peak, that the person may lose consciousness.

  1. Swelling. Means that the kidneys do not have the time, to withdraw excess water from the body and distribute it to the tissues. This files most often occur under the eyes and on the legs. May be accompanied by itching of the skin and the pressure increase.
  2. Nagging pain. Occurs due to kidney failure. Pain often affecting the lower limbs.
  3. Syndrome extreme (twelfth) rib. With a light tapping with the left or right side of the waist, under the edge of the water in increase the pain.
  4. Purpura of the kidney. May cause pain in the kidney in cases of poisoning with it. substances, alcoholic drinks, drugs and other harmful substances.
  5. For the implementation of the tests. Analysis of urine color, presence of protein, salts, bacteria, leukocytes, etc., will help you to find out, pain in the kidney and their cause (glomerulonephritis, elevated levels of red blood cells pyelonephritis – white blood cells + bacteria).
  6. If you want to change the amount of urine. Typical problems with urination and renal failure.
  7. And of course, the ultrasound. One of the main diagnostic methods, which actually identifies "problems" arising with the kidneys and gives essential information to the physician to determine the proper diagnosis.


Pain in the kidney "complain" more often. Each year the number of people who suffer from this disease increases. There are some very simple rules to avoid kidney problems in the future:

  • Do not expose the cooling of the kidneys.
  • Timely and proper treatment of colds (sore throat).
  • Drink plenty of pure water (not tea, not coffee, not soda, water)

By following these basic rules, but now, on the contrary, the observed reduction of kidney disease.

The causes and the nature of the symptom

Lower back pain can be a symptom of the disease of the spine and disturbances in the abdominal organs, especially the kidneys. However, according to statistics, disorders of the musculoskeletal function in most cases cause the development of pain is a symptom. This is when the lower back pain in 70% of cases of kidneys to do with it.

Below are the most common causes for pain in the low back, depending on the frequency of their diagnosis:

  • Sciatica.
  • Scoliosis.
  • Pain in the low back.
  • Vertebral injury.
  • Pyelonephritis.
  • Cholelithiasis.
  • ICD.
  • Cystitis.
  • Inflammatory processes in the genital area.
  • In the cholecystitis.

The determining factor in the recognition of the nature of the disease is the nature of the syndrome of pain in the lumbar region.

When diseases of the spine, localized pain in the middle belt are:

  • sharp;
  • pulling;
  • sharp;
  • chronic;
  • expressed.

Especially often back pain occurs in the morning when the person gets out of bed is characterized by acute pain in the lumbar region. With the huge movement, or the pain may increase and radiate to the lower limbs – this happens when sciatica and herniated.

When is a chronic disease of the spine, e.g. osteochondrosis of the lumbar, pain, color change or fade, in short, when you change the position of the body.

Also for chronic diseases, which are characterized by nagging, dull pain, especially with the long presence of man in the same position, for example, on the computer, during sleep, travel in traffic. Sharp pain when performing physical activity or during a massage can be congenital disease of the spine, especially scoliosis of the lumbar spine.

How to determine what is the pain in the back and not the kidney? This can be done for local use of analgesics or warming agents – ointments, gels, patches, belts. In the use of funds, pain in the back of mine.

Also a symptom of a pathological process in the spine is spasm of the lumbar muscles – it is difficult to bend and straighten, usually the patient takes the posture to relieve the syndrome.